Relativism is challenging. Relativism questions the validity of theoretical positing as well as cultural and political orders. These are interpreted as a product of a contingent, non-essential approach and thus, their lack of an alternative is under scrutiny. As a consequence, do theoretical arbitrariness and political anarchy follow and are therefore the scientific investigation of relativism obsolete? Not necessarily. Relativism reveals: There were and are different organizational forms of life and theory. A relativistic perspective can accept and, more over, promote this richness. Relativism is therefore a potentially productive and promising position, in order to find sustainable theoretical and practical alternatives. My thesis will deal with achieving a systematic reconstruction and a scientific rehabilitation of relativism in its epistemic and political-cultural dimension and discuss the problems and potentials of this concept.